Mistakes are made by everyone, but some mistakes change the course of the world some in a good way and some bad.
Some mistakes are so big that they change how the world functions. The fates of nations and millions of people have sometimes hinged on a single bad decision. From the sinking of RMS Titanicto the selling of Alaska to the United States, here are five big mistake’s that changed the course of history.
As we all know Australia was first discovered by Captain James Cook in 1770. He discovered the east coast of Australia landing in Botany Bay. On 22 August 1770, he claimed the whole of the east coast of Australia at Possession Island, naming eastern Australia New South Wales.
But before Captain Cook many believed that Dutch were the first people to discover Australia. Captain Willem Janszoon of the Dutch ship Duyfken explored approximately 320 kilometers (200 mi) of the Cape York Peninsula’s western side.
Dutchmen were completely exploring the eastern and western part of Australia for over a decade and even called the land New Holland. The Dutch made zero attempts to claim the land or establish settlements, and so it was left to Captain Cook to plant the flag in 1770.
After the outbreak of the Crimean War, Britan, France and Turkey were against Russia. Because of this it became difficult to Russia to trade things between Alaska as all the sea routes were controlled by allied ships. As the relationship between Russia and London were bad, the relationship between Russia and the US was stronger than ever. Both nations therefore came up with the idea of Russia selling Alaska to the United States.
While the decision was widely criticized by the press and congress, both nations signed an agreement to sell Alaska for 7.62 million dollars on March 30, 1867, which was approximately two cents per acre. The sale was, however, a big mistake for Russia. By the 1880s and 1890s, gold mining had commenced in Alaska, providing America with hundreds of millions of dollars.
The sinking of Titanic is one of the major disasters in the world killing about 1500 people. Titanic hit the iceberg in the early hours of April 15, 1912 on its maiden voyage from Southampton to New York city.
The disaster of The Titanic is a major mistake by the chairman of White Star Line who ordered the Captain Smith to increase the speed of ship to reach New York in a record time so that it would amaze the world with its speed, luxury and size. he biggest mistake was, however, providing only 20 lifeboats, enough to seat 1,178 people, for the more than 2,200 on board. What’s even more shocking is the ship was originally supposed to house 32 lifeboats, but the designers believed it would clutter the deck. After this disaster the maritime laws were significantly changed.
Everyone has heard about the Japan’s attack on the Pearl Harbor. It was a surprise aerial attack from the Japan at 7:48 AM local time on December 7, 1941. They attacked the Oahu island, Hawaii. Hundreds of Japanese fighter planes were destroyed 19 American naval vessels as well as over 300 airplanes. Around 2,400 Americans also lost their lives, and over 1,000 more were injured, leading the United States to declare war on Japan the next day.
The mistake Japan made was it targeted the US battleships, it would be more beneficial if Japan attacked the Pearl Harbor’s fuel reserves and repair yards. It also chose the wrong day to attack as the Pacific fleet aircraft carriers and their personnel were away from the naval base. It was easy for the US navy to counter attack the surprise attack.
It was all because of one wrong turn that the world witnessed the WWI.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, Sophie, were visiting Sarajevo, they ignored the warnings from a terrorist activity by Nationalist Group Black Hand. Nedjelko Cabrinovic, a member of the Black Hand threw a bomb at archduke’s car, as the driver noticed Nedjelko Cabrinovic throwing the bomb he increased the speed so the bomb landed under a vehicle behind the royal couple’s open-air car, injuring both the passengers and spectators.
After resting for a while archduke and his wife were worried about the people who had been injured by the bomb at the hospital. However, the driver was not notified that the royal couple’s itinerary had changed. Once he was informed, he had to turn the car around onto a side street. At the same time, Gavrilo Princip, a Black Hand member, was standing across that street after the assassination attempt had failed. Seizing the opportunity, Princip quickly walked across the street and shot Sophie and the archduke.
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